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Microwelding: High accuracy at fast speeds

Pulsed laser light can be used to weld very thin metal sheets and foils, as well as many metal combinations. This can be done with very high precision, speed, and reliability. Find out more!

High-precision connections for complex components

In industrial manufacturing, manufacturers face the challenge of selecting the most efficient and precise methods for welding and joining materials. In the pursuit of greater precision and innovative technological advancements, TRUMPF has developed a novel, patented welding technique, known as nanosecond welding - also referred to as microwelding.

The nanosecond laser microwelding process entails the meticulous application of high-frequency laser light pulses, each lasting a few tens of nanoseconds (billionths of a second), to the parts being joined. With this controlled, minimal heat input, only a small amount of material will melt for welding,  thereby avoiding structural distortion and deformation of your parts. The TRUMPF nanosecond pulse laser system can weld a diverse range of metals. The process is especially suitable for reliably joining dissimilar metals.

Test the latest patented cutting-edge technology from TRUMPF now!

Nothing beats having your own experience! Test our patented pulsed fibre laser TruPulse nano with GTWave and PulseTune technology now for up to 30 days with no obligation — at your location, within your system!

Find out more

What are the advantages of pulse-laser microwelding?

Welding with nanosecond pulses has proven to be extremely beneficial in numerous industries. Here are some of the main reasons why it is so popular:

Precise control

Using pulses from a nanosecond laser, such as a pulsed fiber laser, extremely precise welds can be produced, even on micro-welded components.

Low heat effects and minimal melt

The short laser pulses generate minimal heat, minimizing the risk of material deformation or cracks. The low melt level significantly decreases the formation of brittle intermetallics when joining dissimilar metals.

Versatility in materials and geometry

Nanosecond welding is suitable for a wide range of metals, particularly for joining dissimilar metal combinations that were considered unweldable with conventional welding processes. Laser pulses can be flexibly arranged and controlled, allowing for versatile geometries. 

Efficiency and repeatability

The low energy consumption and the minimal melt content enable efficient joining and processing.

What is nanosecond welding, and how does it work?

Nanosecond technology is based on very short laser pulses with pulse durations in the nanosecond range. A single laser pulse only penetrates a few micrometers into the material. This is why multiple pulses with high repetition frequencies are required, which effectively penetrate into the material, generating very focused, localized heating which ultimately creates a micro keyhole that gives a deep high aspect ratio weld.

Only a small amount of melt is formed, ensuring that the welded materials mix minimally. This results in an inhomogeneous weld zone and a robust mechanical connection.  This is particularly important for welding dissimilar materials that are typically difficult to join. Pulse shape and pulse frequency can be optimized to precisely control the penetration depth and size of the melt pool. This makes it also possible to perform greater welding depths with a small diameter and minimal heat affected zone. 

Would you like to find out more about the potential of nanosecond welding? Download our white paper today!

The pulsed fiber lasers of the TruPulse nano series from TRUMPF offer an innovative approach  to tough industrial joining challenges. Find out how to connect thin sheets or foils or join dissimilar metal combinations with the TRUMPF TruPulse nano.

Just fill out the form below and receive exclusive background information and more details in our white paper.

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What is nanosecond welding suitable for?


Nanosecond welding is suitable for a wide range of metals. It is also feasible to join dissimilar metal combinations that have been considered difficult to join by conventional welding processes. This makes the nanosecond microwelding process ideal for many different industries, ranging from electronics manufacturing to medical technology.


  • Steel (including carbon steel, stainless steel, and alloy steel)
  • Aluminum
  • Copper
  • Brass
  • Titanium
  • Nickel and nickel alloys
  • Zinc

Sensitive materials or components

  • Foils
  • Batteries
Material thickness

The thickness of the materials used in nanosecond welding typically ranges from 0.05 to 1 mm. It is also possible to join larger material thicknesses using higher laser powers, depending on the material.

Weld joint requirements

Nanosecond welding uses scanner-controlled laser beam guidance, which ensures the greatest possible flexibility during joining. This is particularly useful for overlapping connections, which is the most common application of nanosecond laser welding. Depending on the scanner selected, different weld seam geometries can be achieved.

Application areas for nanosecond pulsed laser welding

Electrical contacts in the electrical industry

An important application for nanosecond welding is the assembly of standard battery cells into larger packages for all types of power tools, vacuum cleaners, e-bikes and e-vehicles.  Contacts for flexible circuit boards such as connector connections are also produced in the consumer electronics industry.

Intermetallic joints in battery production for the automotive industry

In the automotive industry, nano pulse micro welding plays a significant role in joining, for example in battery production. Extremely thin  copper and aluminum foils (approx. 6-14 µm thick)  serve as electrode foils. They act as carrier foils for the active material in both the anode and the cathode. These foils are welded together by placing them in stacks or wraps, typically with 30 to 60 layers for each anode and cathode. Our lasers allow one-sided access to the work material, which makes processing easier.

Test the latest patented cutting-edge technology from TRUMPF now!

Nothing beats having your own experience! Test our patented pulsed fibre laser TruPulse nano with GTWave and PulseTune technology now for up to 30 days with no obligation — at your location, within your system!

Find out more

Nanosecond welding in action

Mike Poulter, our nanosecond welding expert, explains the advantages and potential of this technology.

We have the right lasers and laser systems for nanosecond welding

TruPulse nano

The TruPulse nano range provides numerous options for enhancing both productivity and quality. With an average power as low as 70 W, welding tasks involving thin sheet metal can be accomplished. TruPulse nano lasers are modules for integration, and as such, they are commonly employed with third party scanner optics and the associated control hardware and software.

TruMark 5000

The fiber-laser-powered TruMark Series 5000 wows with its perfect blend of high power, high pulse frequencies and adjustable pulse duration. The TruMark series features a TruPulse nano laser at its core, capable of addressing all applications, including nanosecond welding.

TruMark 7050

More power, more speed, more flexibility, and more applicability! The TruMark 7050 is a multifunctional tool that is easy to use and integrate. It is a turnkey solution that is easy to use.

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